Automated External Defibrillators for Scuba Diving
This course represents entry-level training designed to educate the general diving (and qualified non-diving) public to better recognise the warning signs of sudden cardiac arrest and administer first aid using basic life support (BLS) techniques and automated external defibrillators (AEDs) while activating the local emergency medical services, (EMS) and/or arranging for evacuation to the nearest appropriate medical facility.
The mean age of divers who die each year in dive fatalities tracked by DAN is gradually increasing. It is now approximately 42 years of age. Divers are getting older, and older people are getting involved in diving.
Of the 78 dive fatalities in the DAN 2001 Report on Decompression Illness, Diving Fatalities and Project Dive Exploration, based on 1999 fatalities, 7.7% of them were caused directly by heart disease. At the same time, heart disease was the direct cause of death for 26% of the fatalities involving divers over the age of 35. On top of that, 25% of divers involved in diving fatalities were also reported to be taking heart medications.
Heart disease is a common problem. To ignore that it affects divers as much as it affects the general population does divers a disservice. When you consider that diving is often done from remote locations – on beaches or off of dive boats – that are far removed from emergency medical help, it is important to prepare for every emergency.
DAN AEDs for Scuba Diving, represents entry-level training designed to educate the general diving (and qualified non-diving) public to better recognise the warning signs of sudden cardiac arrest and administer first aid using BLS techniques and AEDs while activating the local EMS and/or arranging for evacuation to the nearest appropriate medical facility.
Recommended minimum hours of training:
Knowledge development (lecture) = one hour
Skills development (practice) = two to three hours
It is recommended that this course be taught as a three to four-hour module. The time the course actually takes to teach varies depending upon many factors including the number of students and their ability to process the educational components of the programme. Instructors desiring to include subjects or training beyond the course requirements may do so only before or following the course. Any additional training must not be required for completion of course requirements.
At the end of this programme participants will be able to:
- Recognise the warning signs of sudden cardiac arrest
- Provide BLS while setting up the automated external defibrillator.
- Provide basic life support with an AED.
- Care for and maintain an AED.
The nature and scope of this course is limited to training divers and interested nondivers such as boat captains, water enthusiasts and non-diving family members to provide emergency cardiac care with an AED. This course does not provide training for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or scuba diving rescue. The training exercises of this course presuppose that the ill or injured diver has already been brought to shore or is aboard the boat.
Participants will complete the written course assessment. Each student must pass the examination with a score of at least 80%, but the instructor should review the written assessment with all participants to ensure 100% understanding of the material.
Skill Performance Objectives
To successfully complete the AEDs for Scuba Diving course, participants must demonstrate skill and confidence in:
- Providing BLS.
- Securing and setting up the AED.
- Providing care with an AED.